Endowed with Terrafirma grandeur, China is reputed as the single oldest uninterrupted civilization in the world. It occupies an area of 9560 900 square kilometers(3691 000 square miles), which is approximately 1/15 of the land area of the world. According to the recent population census, China’s entire population was close to 1.3 billion at the end of the year of 2000. All of Europe(excluding Russia) is believed to be only half of China in area and in population.
For the purpose of administration, China is divided into 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities directly under the Central Government and 2 special administrative regions.
In the light of the Constitution, China is a socialist state under the people’s democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliances of workers and peasants. The organs through which the people exercise the state power are the National People’s Congress and the local congresses at different levels. The National People’s Congress is the legislative body which enacts all the important laws in China and supervises their execution. The state Council is the executive body of the highest organ of state administration.
Beijing, the political and cultural center, is the capital of the country. The national flag of China is the five-star red flag. The national anthem is The March of the Volunteers. The national badge is centered by Tian’anmen Rostrum in the shine of five stars, encircled by grains and a gear, which fully expresses the constitutional category of what the People’s Republic of China is.
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